namespace Ajax.Responders

View source on GitHub →


A repository of global listeners notified about every step of Prototype-based Ajax requests.

Sometimes, you need to provide generic behaviors over all Ajax operations happening on the page (through Ajax.Request, Ajax.Updater or Ajax.PeriodicalUpdater).

For instance, you might want to automatically show an indicator when an Ajax request is ongoing, and hide it when none are. You may well want to factor out exception handling as well, logging those somewhere on the page in a custom fashion. The possibilities are myriad.

To achieve this, Prototype provides Ajax.Responders, which lets you register (and, if you wish, unregister later) responders, which are objects with specially-named methods. These names come from a set of general callbacks corresponding to different points in time (or outcomes) of an Ajax request's life cycle.

For instance, Prototype automatically registers a responder that maintains a nifty variable: Ajax.activeRequestCount. This represents, at a given time, the number of currently active Ajax requests — by monitoring their onCreate and onComplete events. The code for this is fairly simple:

  onCreate: function() {
  onComplete: function() {
Responder callbacks

The callbacks for responders are similar to the callbacks described in the Ajax, but take a different signature. They're invoked with three parameters: the requester object (i.e., the corresponding "instance" of Ajax.Request), the XMLHttpRequest object, and the result of evaluating the X-JSON response header, if any (can be null). They also execute in the context of the responder, bound to the this reference.

  • onCreate: Triggered whenever a requester object from the Ajax namespace is created, after its parameters are adjusted and before its XHR connection is opened. This takes two arguments: the requester object and the underlying XHR object.
  • onUninitialized (Not guaranteed): Invoked just after the XHR object is created.
  • onLoading (Not guaranteed): Triggered when the underlying XHR object is being setup, and its connection opened.
  • onLoaded (Not guaranteed): Triggered once the underlying XHR object is setup, the connection is open, and it is ready to send its actual request.
  • onInteractive (Not guaranteed): Triggered whenever the requester receives a part of the response (but not the final part), should it be sent in several packets.
  • onException: Triggered whenever an XHR error arises. Has a custom signature: the first argument is the requester (i.e. an Ajax.Request instance), and the second is the exception object.
  • onComplete: Triggered at the very end of a request's life-cycle, after the request completes, status-specific callbacks are called, and possible automatic behaviors are processed. Guaranteed to run regardless of what happened during the request.

Class methods