instance method Function#bind

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Function#bind(context[, args...]) → Function
  • context (Object) – The object to bind to.
  • args (?) – Optional additional arguments to curry for the function.

Binds this function to the given context by wrapping it in another function and returning the wrapper. Whenever the resulting "bound" function is called, it will call the original ensuring that this is set to context. Also optionally curries arguments for the function.

Examples

A typical use of Function#bind is to ensure that a callback (event handler, etc.) that is an object method gets called with the correct object as its context (this value):

var AlertOnClick = Class.create({
  initialize: function(msg) {
    this.msg = msg;
  },
  handleClick: function(event) {
    event.stop();
    alert(this.msg);
  }
});
var myalert = new AlertOnClick("Clicked!");
$('foo').observe('click', myalert.handleClick); // <= WRONG
// -> If 'foo' is clicked, the alert will be blank; "this" is wrong
$('bar').observe('click', myalert.handleClick.bind(myalert)); // <= RIGHT
// -> If 'bar' is clicked, the alert will be "Clicked!"

bind can also curry (burn in) arguments for the function if you provide them after the context argument:

var Averager = Class.create({
  initialize: function() {
    this.count = 0;
    this.total = 0;
  },
  add: function(addend) {
    ++this.count;
    this.total += addend;
  },
  getAverage: function() {
    return this.count == 0 ? NaN : this.total / this.count;
  }
});
var a = new Averager();
var b = new Averager();
var aAdd5 = a.add.bind(a, 5);   // Bind to a, curry 5
var aAdd10 = a.add.bind(a, 10); // Bind to a, curry 10
var bAdd20 = b.add.bind(b, 20); // Bind to b, curry 20
aAdd5();
aAdd10();
bAdd20();
bAdd20();
alert(a.getAverage());
// -> Alerts "7.5" (average of [5, 10])
alert(b.getAverage());
// -> Alerts "20" (average of [20, 20])

(To curry without binding, see Function#curry.)